Shot size

When you are shooting your film, think carefully about the type of shot size that will best communicate your message to the audience. First-time filmmakers are often reluctant to get their camera close enough to the actors, especially when filming dialogue.

Extreme long shot: Often called an ‘establishing shot’, extreme long shots are used at the beginning of a scene to tell the audience where that scene will take place. They are a necessary part of storytelling; so don’t forget to include them!

Long shot: A long shot often includes a great deal of background in the shot but individual characters can be seen.

Full shot: The full shot is an important part of getting enough coverage in a scene. It shows the actors from head to toe. Keep in mind, however, that you will need to pick up medium shots and close ups of your actors performing dialogue.

Medium shot: The medium shot, which shows actors from the waist up, is one of the most common shots in film and television because it allows your audience to see a character’s body language as well as their facial expression.

Close-up: Whenever you’re shooting dialogue, try to capture it in close up. It shows the expression on your actor’s face and allows you to get the microphone nice and close!

Extreme close-up: Extreme close ups are important when you need to point out something small that is important to your story, such as a text message, that can’t be seen in a medium or full shot.